Here are some notable events that occurred on this day throughout history.
1864 – Union Army General William T. Sherman lays siege to Atlanta, eventually forcing Confederate troops to retreat. The Atlanta victory would set the stage for Sherman’s famous March to the Sea.
1972 – Bobby Fischer becomes the first American to win the World Chess Championship after defeating Boris Spassky of the USSR.
1974 – The SR-71 sets the record (that still stands today) for the fastest flight from New York to London, at 1 hour, 54 minutes and 56 seconds. The average commercial flight takes around 7 hours.
1983 – Soviet fighter jets mistake Korean flight 007 for a spy plane and shoot the commercial jetliner down over the Sea of Japan. All 269 people onboard were killed.
1985 – Seventy-three years after sinking in the North Atlantic, the wreckage of the Titanic is found about 400 miles east of Newfoundland by American Robert D. Ballard.
1998 – The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act is passed by Congress, requiring all cars and light trucks sold in the US to have air bags on both sides of the front seat.
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